The terraces enabled the production of surplus food, more than would normally be possible at altitudes as high as 11,000 feet.[6]. A truly awesome site with relatively few tourists, this hilltop Inca citadel lies high above the village on a triangular plateau with a plunging gorge on either side. They’re easily accessible from Cusco, and the Pisac market and cute little town is a destination on its own. Once at the very top you will need to fight your way through the tourist buses all jammed in the small car park to the start of the ruins. Písac oder Pisaq ist eine Stadt und frühere Bergfeste der Inka in Südzentral-Peru, die etwa 33 Kilometer von Cusco entfernt ist. Pisac Ruins Pisac, Cusco, Peru. Allow several hours to explore. The Sun Temple featuring an Intiwatana is the centre piece (best viewed from the entrance trail above). If you do this you can’t go wrong. Pisac is most known for its Incan ruins and large market every Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, an event which attracts heavy tourist traffic from nearby Cusco. Although the trek is signposted, in some critical places it seems that the local authorities forgot to tell you which way to go. Also, the Pisac Ruins are located 3,347 metres above sea-level so you should not take this on without having first spent two days acclimatising in Cusco - read more about how to deal with altitude sickness in Peru. 2. Some historians suggest that the name Pisac is derived from the word “Pisaca” meaning partridge, and that the vast agricultural terraces represent the wings of the partridge. Living in Peru is an incredible experience, full of history, beauty, mystery, culture, colour (and a new language for me to enjoy learning).The beauty of the Pisac ruins – which are right on my front doorstep – is indicative of the beauty that is everywhere in the Sacred Valley, and of all the many places I’ve yet to discover…on my front doorstep and beyond. Elorrieta Salazar, Fernando E. & Elorrieta Salazar, Edgar (2005) Cusco and the Sacred Valley of the Incas, pages 69-75, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Detailed photo gallery of the Pisac ruins, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Písac&oldid=970163669, Articles needing cleanup from January 2020, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from January 2020, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 July 2020, at 16:50. There are several different ways to treat altitude sickness however preparing in advance is much more strongly advised. Here's what you will see at Pisac, how to get there and when to go. Many travellers are effected greatly by altitude sickness which can be anything from shortness of breath and mild headaches to being completely bedridden for several days. Písac or Pisac (possibly from Quechua for Nothoprocta, also spelled p'isaqa)[1] is a Peruvian village in the Sacred Valley of the Incas. Agricultural Terraces at the Top of Pisac Ruins. It takes between 1 ½ – 2 hours to complete the trek from the very top of the ruins to the market place in Pisac Village. Pisac, Peru is a small, quaint town nestled in the Sacred Valley featuring such attractions as its popular market and extensive Inca ruins. Some might rent a motorcycle or a car or might try to bicycle their way there. From the village of Pisac on the valley floor, a hidden access road leads out the rear of the village gently climbing the mountain to the ruins. The Pisac ruins are second only to Machu Picchu in their archaeological magnificence, and a visit to Pisac makes a great day trip from Cusco. One theory is that it was built by Inca ruler Pachacuti, to commemorate his victory over the Cuyos people. However, in the early 1530s, the troops of the the Spanish conquerors, led by Francisco Pizarro, sadly destroyed most parts of Pisac. Písac of Pisaq is een distrito van de Calca-provincia in de regio Cusco van Peru in de heilige vallei, aan de rivier de Urubamba.Het dorp is bekend vanwege haar wekelijkse markt op zondag, dinsdag en donderdag, hetgeen grote toeristenstromen aantrekt vanuit het 33 kilometer verderopgelegen Cuzco.Aan het centrale plein van het dorp bevindt zich een grote pisonay-boom (Erythrina edulis). With breathtaking views on your left, the undulating path continues along the mountainside before reaching a narrow tunnel. The optimal way of doing this in Peru is by taking a bus from Lima to Cusco rather than flying direct. Entrance to their bar is free even for non-guests. The views are spectacular! Except for the ruins, there is another reason why Pisac has its rightful place on Peru itineraries. The slow progressive ascent of this route allows travellers to adjust accordingly so their experience when visiting Machu Picchu isn’t tainted by altitude sickness. You can get there through an agency as part of a tour of the sacred valley from Cusco. The trail continues on for another 10 minutes to the main temple complex of Pisac Ruins. Often the path follows the mountain edge, so trekking with really young children is probably not recommended (however, I’d take mine!). The reason is the traditional market where people from Pisac, Cusco, and communities nearby sell handmade crafts and textiles and clothes. The Sacred Valley of Peru has many memorable and unique attractions. Close to the main car park at the top of the ruins you will find the largest known Inca cemetery, a residential settlement and ceremonial baths. If you want, there will also be time to explore the Inca ruins on a hilltop location overlooking the village. Equal to the grandeur of anything that can be found in Machu Picchu, the temple complex is simply spectacular. Amenities-Directions. The content below discusses hiking Pisac Ruins in detail but if you want to see different options for tours in Sacred Valley right away, take a look at this page on the www.findlocaltrips.com website. Pisac park is located 33 kilometers from Cusco on the east. Pisac Ruins Hike in Sacred Valley One of the best day treks to get up close and personal with large Incan agricultural terraces, Incan temples, small Incan neighborhoods, a large Incan cemetery! Be aware however, it can rain any time of the year! The modern town of Písac was built in the valley by Viceroy Toledo during the 1570s. A well-trodden path leads off to the right where you’ll find the majority of tourists located. Take a small bottle of water with you. Lima to Machu Picchu – Agencies DON’T want you to read this! Some historians suggest that the name Pisac is derived from the word “Pisaca” meaning partridge, and that the vast agricultural terraces represent the wings of the partridge. The ruins of Písac, as seen from a higher level Písac is northeast of Cuzco, 35 km (22 mi) away on the road. [5], The Inca constructed agricultural terraces on the steep hillside, which are still in use today. Peru’s wet season is from December through until the end of April. Though little is known as to the history of the site before the Spanish conquest, Pisac was probably used as a ceremonial and military centre. The trek is quite exposed, so you will get burnt! The chief puzzle surrounding Pisac is just what exactly it’s supposed to be. Enjoy! Francisco Pizarro and the Spanish conquerors destroyed Inca Písac in the early 1530s. The ruins are separated along the ridge into four groups: P'isaqa, Inti Watana, Qalla Q'asa, and Kinchiraqay. The Sacred Valley as a whole was a crucial agricultural region, and Pisac was likely the most important center for agriculture in the entire Inca Empire. The angles of its base suggest that it served to define the changes of the seasons. DISCOVER PERU LIKE A LOCAL ONLY WITH PERU HOP. Of course taxis will try to charge as much as they can, but a fair price for the journey is about 20 – 25 Soles (US$ 7 – 8.50). Here you’ll see the urban settlement known as Q’alla Q’asa located above you on the mountainside. Partly the problem is the site’s architectural diversity. The best way to do this is by only ascending gradually. Buses run to Pisac from Cuzco and taxis offer an option for visiting the ruins if you want to avoid the hike. Resting the Legs for a Moment on the Walk Back Down. Although it only effects some people mildly, it can be very serious even life-threatening for others and is not be ignored by anyone feeling symptoms. … If you are unsure of which way to go, remember that the mountain must stay more or less on your right hand side. One of the Sacred Valley’s best archaeological gems is the beautiful Inca ruins at Pisac. For the most part the trail heads downhill, except for the first 20 minutes or so, which undulates up and down. It is situated on the Vilcanota River. In the small colonial village of Pisac, spend the morning exploring the colorful Indian market, with its wide variety of textiles and ceramics. Spending 24 hours at every 2000ft increase is what’s recommended to adjust properly to altitude. Shaped with a curved rear wall and a flat front, similar to the letter “D”, the temple is perfectly aligned with the winter solstice sunrise. Difficulty: Intermediate. Pisac (or Pisaq in Quechua-spelling) is a small town about 35 km from Cuzco.Pisac is best known for its Sunday market, but is also known for some ruins dating from about the same time as Machu Picchu.. To me, Pisac is one of the best day trips from Cusco and easily among the top 20 tourist attractions in Peru (check my guide to find out the other 19 amazing sites in Peru) you can easily spend a full day exploring the town and the imposing ruins around. Peru - Sacred Valley & Incan Ruins 226 - Pisac (8114889790).jpg 1,584 × 2,376; 1.16 MB Peru - Sacred Valley & Incan Ruins 227 - Pisac (8114891650).jpg 1,584 × 2,376; 1.08 MB Peru hillside steps.jpg 1,536 × 2,048; 636 KB The trek is suitable for just about anyone, providing you have a tiny amount of fitness and the willingness to experience great Inca ruins. While travelling in the "Sacred Valley of the Incas", Pisac, with its awesome views and impressive ruins, may be a nice stop between visits to "Sacsayhuaman" and "Chinchero". It costs nothing extra, and it may just be the highlight of your trip. It is situated on the Vilcanota River. However, it is necessary for people preparing to tackle all kinds of treks in and around Cusco to allow for the possibility of altitude sickness. Departing from Cusco on a Sacred Valley tour, you'll travel for an hour before your first stop in Pisac, Peru. The ruins are open every day of the year from around 7 am until 6pm. The Pisac ruins, located next to the modern town of the same name, are the remains of an impressive ancient Inca settlement. However, in the early 1530s, the troops of the the Spanish conquerors, led by Francisco Pizarro, sadly destroyed most parts of Pisac. Pisac Archaeological Park Facts: Altitude: 3347m Distance: Located 3.5km from the town of Pisac. About the Pisac ruins. Posted by Mary Solio On May 17, 2018 12 Comments. If you are trekking during this time, be prepared for rain. Researchers believe that Písac defended the southern entrance to the Sacred Valley, while Choquequirao defended the western entrance, and the fortress at Ollantaytambo the northern.Inca Pisac controlled a route which connected the Inca Empire with the border of the rain forest. The Pisac ruins are relatively large, and they remain in pretty good shape all things considered. There are several different things people can do to prepare for this kind of trek. the ruins themselves are fairly easy to navigate but the altitude can be a problem for some. Which buildings, though, define the site, give it its center? Taking a taxi up and walking back (4km) is a good option. The Pisac ruins are among Peru’s most intact ancient sites, and a perfect example of ingenious Inca architecture. Then finally a few hundred yards further down the mountain is a beautiful urban area located on a high semi-circular ledge. All in all, the Pisac Ruins are definitely one of my favorite sites on the tourist ticket. Set in the mountainside high above the village of Pisac, the ruins are a must visit for anyone heading to the Sacred Valley. The Pisac Ruins are situated at the eastern end of the Sacred Valley, 1 hour from Cusco. Continuing on, the path turns into more of a trail which hugs the mountainside. The Pisac Ruins are situated at the eastern end of the Sacred Valley, 1 hour from Cusco. Pisac was the first town we visited as we made our way to the valley and Machu Picchu. However, unbeknown to most tourists and rarely visited, the main part of the ruins is 25-30 minutes down the mountainside. A combined ticket (Boleto Turistico) is required to visit the ruins and can be bought from the tourist office in Cuzco or organised through a tour guide. The Pisac Ruins are open daily from 7am to 5:30pm. While travelling in the "Sacred Valley of the Incas", Pisac, with its awesome views and impressive ruins, may be a nice stop between visits to "Sacsayhuaman" and "Chinchero". Barracks, fortifications, civilian residences, temples, aqueducts, agricultural precincts: no other Inca ruin, including Machu Picchu, encompasses such a broad array of infrastructure. From the temple complex the trail continues to a view point which looks out over the three converging valleys that surround Pisac. Explorer les ruines incas de Pisac. Enjoy! You will arrive at a huge set of sweeping agricultural terraces that descend down the mountainside. Very little is known for sure about the site, including when and why it was built. Pisac can easily be visited as part of a day trip from Cusco, but if you are looking for accommodations closer to the ruins, there are many options available. Pisac is divided on 2 parts, the archaeological, wich is the ancient part located on the high side of the valley, and the contemporary, wich dates from colonial times, located at the low side of the valley itself. Located high above the valley floor and the modern colonial town of Pisac, the ruins are considered to be one of the finest remaining Inca archeologic sites in the country. A taxi can be hailed from anywhere in the village, but taxis that specialize in taking tourists to the ruins are usually found on the main Urubamba Road (where the road from Cusco arrives in Pisac). The trail continues on for another 20 minutes or so, before connecting with a wide stone path that takes you on a gentle decline all the way to the village of Pisac. Understand []. According to the scholar Kim MacQuarrie, Pachacuti erected a number of royal estates to memorialize victories over other ethnic groups. The terraced Inca ruins in Pisac are unique in Peru. It is unknown when Inca Písac was built. Located on a small ridge with panoramic views on both sides, the citadel is made up of about a dozen buildings, constructed using the finest pink granite carved stones. Part 2 of our Cusco Day Trip to the Inca town of Pisac, Peru! Make sure that you agree with your taxi driver a fare to take you to the very top of the ruins, and not the control point! Písac or Pisac (possibly from Quechua for Nothoprocta, also spelled p'isaqa) is a Peruvian village in the Sacred Valley of the Incas. Buses, small private vehicles will get you there. Of course the time can vary depending on how much time you spend meandering around the ruins and taking photos. [2], Pisac is perhaps best known for its Incan ruins, known as Inca Písac, which lie atop a hill at the entrance to the valley. 2017 zählte Písac 3718 Einwohner. Henry then clarifies to us how the holes were used as tombs. A series of ceremonial baths fed by an intricate network of stone channels and the Inca cemetery on the adjacent hillside (hundreds of holes in the mountain) are also found in the same area. Some scholars, focusing on the co… You can also use the public transportation that departs every 15 minutes, you should get off the van after the bridge and go … Visiting the Pisac Ruins and Market in Peru. The ruins are spread out over a large area and follow a long mountain top crest. A good part of the charm Pisac had, however, is long gone. These Hidden Destinations Just Outside Of Lima Will Blow Your Mind! You will need to show (or buy) your entrance ticket (BTG Ticket), before continuing on for a further 10 minutes to the main car park. The many levels of terraces which literally plummet down the mountainside offer unique photographic opportunities. This is a good time to stop and allow your tiring calf muscles rest. Peru Historic Sites About Pisac Ruins. The narrow water channels, uniform stonework, altars and wells found in this area reflect its spiritual and sacred importance. The Pisac cemetery is simply a lot of visible holes in the vertical mountainside! An optional trail continues on (largely unmarked) to a large rocky outcrop where more buildings and watch towers cling to the sheer mountainside. Temple Complex, Rivialing Anything Found at Machu Picchu. The scenic drive up the mountain to the control point takes about 15 – 20 minutes. The sanctuary of Huanca (Quechua: wanka, 'sacred stone'), site of a sacred shrine, is also near the village. Peru – How to Avoid Being a Typical Tourist, OFFICIAL: This Company Was Voted The Best Way To Get Around Peru, Peruvian Travel Secrets That Only The Locals Know. Pisac translates to “Partridge” in the Quechua language. Steps and aqueducts carved from stone round out the complex, and the surviving Sun Temple is a most impressive structure. [3] Inti Watana group includes the Temple of the Sun, baths, altars, water fountains, a ceremonial platform, and an inti watana, a volcanic outcrop carved into a "hitching post for the Sun" (or Inti). The more prominent the person was, the higher and more unreachable the tomb is. … Písac's ruins overlook the Urubamba Valley (called Sacred Valley in this area) from high ground. One of its more notable features was a large pisonay tree, which dominated the central plaza (it was destroyed by a 2013 thunderstorm).[2]. The Pisac ruins, also known as Inca Pisac, guard the southern entrance to the Sacred Valley. Regular trainers (or sneakers as you like to say in the US) are perfectly suitable for this trek. Inca structures in the urban sector of Pisac, View of the Sacred Valley from Inti Watana. And the Pisac ruins are located 3.5km from the town of Pisac, on the road along the side of the mountain. Sign up now and receive info about all Peru destinations for 2021 travel! Pisac itself has only a few (not particularly good) hotels, with the majority of good Sacred Valley hotels located about 40 minutes away in the neighbouring town of Urubamba. After a few hundred yards you will pass through a beautiful lithic doorway which marks the entrance to the main temple complex. With military, religious, and agricultural structures, the site served at least a triple purpose. Among these royal estates are Písac (victory over the Cuyos), Ollantaytambo (victory over the Tambos), and Machu Picchu (conquest of the Vilcabamba Valley). Pisac is located about 19 miles (28 km) from the major city of Cusco. It's possible to avoid the crowds if you time it right, and almost have it all to yourself. Further down the mountain is the temple complex constructed from exquisitely carved pink granite, featuring a sun temple, ceremonial alters, water channels and wells. Ruins of Pisac is absolutely a gem that you shouldn’t missed in the Sacred Valley Peru, it can be the highlight of your trip. The ancient town of Pisac is located about 28 km away from the city of Cusco, at the eastern end of the Sacred Valley. Located high above the valley floor and the modern colonial town of Pisac, the ruins are considered to be one of the finest remaining Inca archeologic sites in the country. This is a very common yet underestimated illness. [4] Qalla Q'asa, which is built onto a natural spur and overlooks the valley, is known as the citadel. How to get to the Pisac Ruins: Hire a taxi from the official taxi cooperative office which is located just in front of the bridge on Avenida Amazonas in Pisac. Sie liegt im Valle Sagrado („Heiliges Tal der Inka“) am rechten Flussufer des Rio Urubamba. Rain tends to fall in the afternoons, so trekking in the morning is advised. We strongly suggest taking a route along the coast such as Peru Hop‘s. If you are a little adventurous and want to experience something unique, something that 95% of tourists to Pisac never experience, then make sure you include a hike down through Pisac Ruins. Another 20 minutes or so along the trail, more agricultural terraces fill a narrow valley, which are a monument to the incredible abilities of Inca civil engineering. Make sure you take sun protection! View of the Sacred Valley from Pisac ruins. Th… However, if you don’t fancy hiking uphill, just after the main temple complex a more obvious and sign posted trail leads off in the direction of the Pisaca/Q’allaqasa sector of Pisac Ruins. They are built on top of a mountain that towers over the small town of Pisac; the views of the countryside are spectacular and the ruins and their makers are remarkable. We don't recommend you the bicycle trips, as they are exhausting. Inca Doorway, Marking the Entrance to the Temple Complex. [3], Coordinates: 13°25′27″S 71°51′28″W / 13.42417°S 71.85778°W / -13.42417; -71.85778, Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary). Emerging from the short tunnel you will get the first glimpse of a small residential dwelling and agricultural zone on your lower left often referred to as Pisaca or Q’allaqasa. There may be local vendors selling water, but you cannot count on them being there. That depends on who you ask. They created the terraces by hauling richer topsoil by hand from the lower lands. Basically, Pisac is an entire mountain that has been carved into terraces. #1 Rated Day Trips From Lima To Unforgettable Destinations, Everything You Need to Know to Avoid the Typical Tourist Mistakes At Machu Picchu, What NOT To Do When Visiting Rainbow Mountain. This hike to Pisac ruins is one to take an absolute exploration of Pisac archaeological park and surrounding as well as to walk through the great Inca agricultural terraces and Stairs of the Incas, Inca temples, small Inca neighborhoods, a big Inca cemetery. Machu Picchu Tickets – All You Need To Know! Perché sur une colline, le complexe archéologique de Pisac est non seulement le plus grand incontournable de Pisac, mais un des plus beaux sites de la Vallée Sacrée!. Walking sticks are still permitted in Pisac, take 1 or 2 if you need them. Since it does not appear to have been inhabited by any pre-Inca civilization, it was most likely built no earlier than 1440. Spend a Day in Pisac, Peru With This Guide. [7] Other historians suggest that Písac was established to protect Cusco from possible attacks of the Asháninka nations. ENTERTAINMENT TIP: If looking for fun at night, or to watch sports during the day, or even a taste of home, visit the Wild Rover Hostel Cusco for great food, sports and beer! Extensive terracing marks the Pisac ruins, which are set among patterned fields. Once finished in Pisac, return to Cuzco in time for lunch. The ruin is surrounded by vast sweeping agricultural terraces which harmoniously blend into the natural curvature of the landscape. Pisac is most known for its Incan ruins and large market every Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, an event which attracts heavy tourist traffic from nearby Cusco. With the mountain to your right, the trail follows a large U shape around the outside of the mountain. 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