There are 15-20 living species (types) of penguins. However, they are well adapted to water bodies where they swim and land where they spend about 20% of their lives. The baby penguin is called a chick. A closer look at the DNA of penguins showed that all species lack functioning genes for the receptors of sweet, umami, and bitter tastes. Let’s learn with facts about ... Read morePenguin Facts for Kids But unlike most birds, penguins are not able to fly -- in the air that is. Click here for more animal facts Penguins are birds that do not fly. The birds in this category range from the small blue or fairy penguin (usually about 41 cm tall and 1kg in weight) to the largest in the group – The emperor penguin (usually about 1.1m tall and about 27 to 41 kg in weight). How do Rainbows Form? The way the penguin walks, flaps its flippers and appears to enjoy diving in the icy waters adds to its cuteness quotient and popularity. In the Antarctica where the temperature is usually very low (extremely cold), emperor penguins huddle together to stay warm in the dangerously cold winds. Fact 15: Of all the penguin species, the largest is the Emperor specie. Chinstrap Penguin Facts for Kids. The smallest is the Little Blue Penguin, which is only about 12-13 inches. It is found on the coastlines of southern Australia and New Zealand and averages about 3.3 pounds, but size varies by subspecies. ReddIt. Penguin facts for kids As parents, most of us would have seen our children fall in love with Pingu the penguin. The term ‘penguin’ is a common name used to refer to 19 species of flightless seabirds which are widely distributed in cooler waters and along coastlines in the Southern Hemisphere. The furthest north they get is the Galapagos Islands, where the cold Humboldt Current flows past. The larger penguins eat fishes, squids, and krills (krills are small, shrimp-like creatures). Fun penguin facts for kids including photos and printable activity worksheets; suitable for Kindergarten through Grade 6. Fact 27: Other predators of penguins include: Seal leopards, Orcas, Sea lions, snakes sharks and foxes. Here are a few fascinating penguin facts for kids. Penguins are birds with black and white feathers and a funny waddle. Emperor Penguin Facts For Kids Fun Emperor Penguin Facts Conclusion. The gentoo penguins found further north, are on average, slightly heavier and taller than their southern counterparts. (And Process of Formation), Causes and Effects of Marine Habitat Loss, 35+ Outstanding Facts About the Planet Earth, Advantages and Importance of Reforestation, Five Different Atmospheric Layers of the Earth, Causes and Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion, Extraordinary Ways to Protect Coral Reefs, Causes and Effects to Environmental Pollution, Causes and Effects of Ocean Acidification. Fact 21: Penguins are highly found in countries such as New Zealand, Chile, Australia, Argentina, and South Africa. It is the second biggest species of penguin after the emperor penguin. In most species the birds all nest together in a huge group, called a rookery. This could be useful for them, as they are considered the most aggressive penguin specie. She loves writing on topics related to space, environment, chemistry, biology, geology and geography. 1). Interesting King penguin Facts: King penguin can reach 3.1 feet in height and 33 pounds of weight. All penguins have a white belly and a dark, mostly black, back. The white-flippered penguin is today generally considered a subspecies of the little penguin. How about a whole CYBER WEEK! Penguins at EnchantedLearning.com from www.enchantedlearning.com. Penguins cannot taste fish. Check out our awesome range of animal facts for kids and learn some fun trivia about our friends in the animal kingdom. It doesn't matter to them, because they swallow the fish whole. Height: 70cm (2.3ft). WhatsApp. That’s why we’ve compiled some of the most interesting penguin facts for kids of all ages! When she is not writing, she loves watching sci-fi movies on Netflix. Scientists are also uncertain whether rockhopper penguins are one, two, or three species. They have a unique bone structure: In contrast to the bones of other birds, penguin bones are solid … They survive—breeding, raising young, and eating—by relying on a number of clever adaptations. It has prominent dark yellow or orange-colored markings on both sides of the head, and orange-colored plumage on the upper part of the chest. Scientists are also uncertain whether rockhopper penguins are one, two, or three species. Half of their entire life is spent under water where they take on their hunt and the remaining time on the land. This makes the Emperor penguin the only animal to inhabit the open ice on the continent during the winter season. Main Resources for this page: www.ewt.org.za and www.sanccob.co.za, where you will find valuable information on penguins. In the Antarctica where this specie lives, temperatures could drop as low as -60 degree Celsius. 4. Major predators of these birds are: Petrels and Antarctic skuas. Radius 4). This page was last modified on 6 December 2020, at 21:46. If one parent does not return, the other must abandon the egg to go and eat. Penguins live only in the Southern Hemisphere of the world: Antarctica, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa and South America. Fact 1. Fact  7: Emperor penguins are excellent breath-holders: While most penguin species can hold their breath for 2 to 3 minutes underwater, but, the large and mighty Emperor penguin can hold its breath for up to 20 minutes under water! Sesamoid Bone 3). The black plumage on their back makes it very difficult to detect them in water from above, while the white plumage on their front and belly looks like the sun reflecting off the surface of the water (to predators) when seen underwater. Emperor penguins spend their entire lives on Antarctic ice and in its waters. Penguins eat krill, fish, squid, and other small animals from the ocean, which they catch. Twitter. Picture credits: own images and Shutterstock and great penguin images by Niall Dunne, Neil Bradfield and Ecoprint. They don't eat there because they live in places where the land has no food for them. Incredible Rockhopper Penguin Facts! Fact 12: Where did the Macaroni get its name from? It turned out to be a happy ending, but check out the full story by clicking the link below. Fact 8: Penguins are highly social animals: Virtually all activities are performed by penguins in groups! Sonia Madaan is a writer and founding editor of science education blog EarthEclipse. So let’s get to know some real Penguin Facts for Kids and Information that will definitely amaze you. Their diet includes squids, fishes, and krills (tiny crustaceans). They can dive up to 330ft in search of prey at sea. This penguin specie is able to survive the extreme coldness because of the large store of fat in its body. Although penguins are generally associated with extremely cold climates, only two species—the Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) and the emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri)—live on the frozen Antarctic continent. Sometimes, it makes them look as if they were wearing a black helmet. Here are some fun facts: – Penguins are flightless birds. Like most other types of penguin, the king penguin breeds on islands on the Southern Ocean around Antarctica. Penguins lay their eggs and raise their babies on land. The name “Penguin” comes from the Welsh terms “pen” meaning head and “gwyn” meaning white. All Rights Reserved . Select one of the levels below to download your mp3 and teacher's notes. The word penguin is believed to be derived from the Welsh term “pen gwyn,” meaning “white head.” Penguins are flightless birds that use their wings as flippers to swim underwater. A penguin’s webbed feet are good for underwater steering because its legs are set far back on its body. Penguins have a thick layer of blubber that helps them keep warm, and their feathers are very tightly packed to make another cover. Go back to KidsWorldTravelGuide Homepage This was discovered when a research team noticed they were missing some key genes for taste. Check out our awesome range of animal facts for kids and learn some fun trivia about our friends in the animal kingdom. They cannot walk well, so they waddle. Due to this endowment, most penguins can swim to depths of about 20 meters in search of food, while some have traveled as far as 30 meters! Seen from above, th… Penguins are seabirds in the family Spheniscidae. Fact 14: Penguins have very few natural predators. A couple of days ago a little blue penguin was found stuck in a stormwater drain in the inner western Sydney suburb of Haberfield.. The white-flippered penguin is today generally considered a subspecies of the little penguin. Of the 17 species of penguins, Emperor Penguins are the tallest species, standing nearly 4 … They are highly united in performing various activities important to them. They are at home in the ocean. This helps them to remain submerged underwater for as long as they wish to. A penguin’s tongue is covered with spines, which help it catch and hold onto its prey. Penguin wings have the same general bone structure as flighted birds but the bones are shorter and stouter to allow them to serve as fins. When seen on land, penguins exhibit a waddling gait due to their short, thick legs which are set far back from the body. Adelie penguins are a special species of penguin. Fact 6: Macaroni penguin (The largest penguin specie): There are about 18 million macaroni penguins in the world. Penguins live in the Southern hemisphere: All the 19 species of seabirds classified as ‘penguins’ inhabit the Southern Hemisphere. Pinterest. So let’s get to know some real Penguin Facts for Kids and Information that will definitely amaze you. Fact 17: The King penguins are the second largest penguin specie. Use promo code CYBER2020 for 30% OFF your YEARLY SUBSCRIPTION! Penguin Facts for Kids So far as the appearance of these birds is concerned there is a clear demarcation line that separates the two colors (black and white). (And Can They Choke on Raisins), Can Squirrels Eat Popcorn? Fact 25: The only penguin specie that ventures North of the equator in the wild is the Galapagos penguin. Carpometacarpus 7). (And Which Foods to Avoid), Can Squirrels Eat Raisins? Fact 10: Common names of the 18 known species of Penguins: Emperor penguin, King penguin, Southern rockhopper penguin, Macaronin penguin, Eastern rockhopper penguin (considered to be a sub-specie of the Southern rockhopper), Northern rockhopper penguin, Fiordland penguin, Snares penguin, Royal penguin, Erect-crested penguin, Little penguin (also known as ‘blue penguin’), Yellow-eyed penguin, Adele penguin, Chinstrap penguin, Gentoo penguin, Jackass penguin (also known as African penguin), Humboldt penguin, Magellanic penguin and Galapagos penguin. Penguin hunting lasted several centuries from their discovery, to obtain from them fat, flesh, skin, feathers and occasionally bones and fins. Penguins eat only meats (That is, they are carnivores). They live exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere and are noted for their distinctive black and white color and waddling when they walk. Penguins lost the ability to fly millions of years ago, but their powerful flippers and streamlined … Most penguins lay two eggs per year but emperor penguins lay only one. The name “Penguin” comes from the Welsh terms “pen” meaning head and “gwyn” meaning white. – The Galapagos Penguin is the only penguin species that ventures north of the equator in the wild. They can't fly because their wings are stiff and small. Fact 30: The penguins take very good care of their eggs. No kids, there are no penguins at the North Pole. Penguin Fact Sheet For Kids. Males and females are a similar size and difficult to tell apart. The king penguin incubates its single egg on its feet. How it is Formed and Examples of Hanging Valleys, 25+ Fascinating Rainforest Facts For Kids You Must Know, https://www.cbc.ca/kidscbc2/the-feed/5-fun-facts-about-penguins, sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/animals/penguin.html, Can Squirrels Eat Almonds? Phalanges. The father penguin protects the egg, while the mother penguin goes in search of food. They usually make nests on the ground with rocks or mud. The Macaroni penguins have a lifespan of about 12 years. To survive in such low temperatures, these brilliant birds have special adaptations – they have large … As parents, most of us would have seen our children fall in love with Pingu the penguin. Return from African Penguin to South Africa Facts for Kids. The penguin egg takes about 35 days to hatch. There are 17 species of penguin, each slightly different. © 2020 . The Penguins have a unique voice or call with which they find their mates and chicks in large groups (amidst a thousand penguins or more). But Santa does like to visit. Southern rockhopper penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome) displaying its distinctive crest, Penguin tracks in the sand on Bruny Island, Tasmania. Penguins cannot fly, but they can swim very well. It is still unclear if the royal penguin is a subspecies of the macaroni penguin. When a predator looking from below sees the white belly and wings of a swimming penguin, they can not see the penguin well because the light is coming from above. The biggest penguins may stand nearly 4 feet tall (110 cm) and can weigh almost 100 pounds (40 kg). After a courtship of several weeks, a female emperor penguin lays one single egg then leaves! Penguins lay their eggs and raise their babies on land. Fact 2: Penguins are skilled swimmers: The penguin seabirds have streamlined, barrel-like bodies which reduce drag on them while they swim. Penguins have strong breast muscles, which allow them to flap their wings and “fly” through water to catch fish and shrimps. So, when a predatorlooking from underwater sees the white belly and wings of the penguin, they can not see it well with the light coming from above. They also have a layer of woolly down feathers, under the outer veined feathers that are coated with a type of oil that makes them waterproof. Over millions of years, a penguin’s wings have evolved, and instead of flying they work as flippers to help them swim. I hope that these Emperor penguin for kids will spark some interest and make you want check out some of the other amazing penguin species! 9. Penguin Fact Sheet For Kids. Fact 19: No penguin lives in the Northern hemisphere. They are known for their bright red eyes and bright yellow head plumage. – Most penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere. The crest on its head looks like the 18th-century hats of the same name (Macaroni). Gentoo penguin swimming underwater at Nagasaki Penguin Aquarium. King penguin has dark grey or black plumage on the head and back, and white plumage on the belly. Galapagos penguins are almost entirely black from the back except for few white lines that run across their white chest. The name comes from the crest of yellow feathers on its head. Penguins are flightless birds that make up the scientific order Sphenisciformes and the family Spheniscidae. The smallest kinds are only about one foot (32 cm) tall. The white and black colors make an effect called countershading. (The chick feeds on regurgitated food from its mother). (and Are They Good For Them), What is a Hanging Valley? There are so many interesting facts about this aquatic bird! 5 Fun Facts About Penguins. Here are a few fascinating penguin facts for kids. Fact 3: They have a unique bone structure: In contrast to the bones of other birds, penguin bones are solid (not hollow). The following are 30 interesting penguin facts for kids. All penguins have a white belly and a dark (mostly black) back. The fastest species is the Gentoo Penguin, which can reach swimming speeds up to 22 mph. Humboldt penguins in an aquarium. (And Almond Butter), Oceanography vs Marine Biology (Are They Same or Different), Can Squirrels Eat Bread? Fact 20: The penguins black and white color serves as camouflage while swimming. Most penguins lay two eggs per year but emperor penguins lay only one. Because they are mainly carnivorous, they could hamper the continuous supply of fishes and krills in the areas which they inhabit. Fact 16: Penguins do not fly. The population of this specie is put at about 4000. Fact 28: The present global warming, climate change, and oil spills hurt the penguin’s habitat. Fact 4: Habitat: Smaller penguins live closer to the equator (for warmth) and eat only fish, the larger penguins live closer to the Antarctica where their bodies can withstand extremely low temperatures and windy weather. All species of penguins except the Galapagos penguins live in the Southern hemisphere. 7. Go back to KidsWorldTravelGuide Homepage After the penguins mate, the mother lays her egg or eggs and soon goes in the ocean to eat. Penguin Facts for Kids and Information. Penguins cannot fly, but they can swim very well, because their wings have turned into flippers. Beautiful pictures of animal in the snow makes us so excited that when we see them we can’t resist ourselves to see more and more. Most penguins stay with their mate for many years and lay only one or two eggs at a time. This is a type of camouflage to keep them safe when they swim, because it makes them blend in with their background. For feeding emperor penguins usually take on krill, squid and other fishes. They come up on the land or ice to lay their eggs and raise the chicks. The rookery eat, swim, hunt and nest together. The chinstrap penguin (Pygoscelis antarcticus) is fairly common on the small islands of Antarctic Ocean as well as on Southern Pacific. 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