e. So Samuel turned back after Saul: Samuel did not lead an immediate rebellion against Saul because God had not raised up Saul’s replacement yet and Saul was better than the anarchy that would come with no king. iii. This was, , in tough obedience to the LORD God. . The prophet then pronounced the irreversible sentence of the rejection of Saul and his family. For above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare for war, and to weaken and to disarm the Israelites. (Then. (Exodus 17:14-16) Deuteronomy 25:17-19 repeats this idea. It repenteth me that I have set up Saul to be king — Repentance, properly speaking, implies grief of heart, and a change of counsels. 6:33 , 1 Chr. This probably would not restore the kingdom to Saul but it could restore his heart before God. 1 Samuel 12 – Samuel’s Speech at Saul’s Coronation A. this bleating of the sheep in my ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?” And Saul said, “They have brought them from the Amalekites; for the people spared the best of the sheep and the oxen, to sacrifice to the LORD your God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed.” Then Samuel said to Saul, “Be quiet! As scholars point out, the account is sandwiched between two similar episodes of David sparing the life of King Saul (1 Samuel 24 and 1 Samuel 26). Why would Samuel say, “I will not return with you” when Saul just wanted him to worship with him? d. I have sinned, yet honor me now, please, before the elders of my people and before Israel: Saul’s desperate plea shows the depths of his pride. One after another has had the solemn word – depart, and they have passed into a destruction which has been absolute and terrible.” (Meyer). i. We all have blind spots of sin in our lives, and we need to constantly ask God to show them to us. He professed to have fulfilled the divine command, and that the blame of any defects in the execution lay with the people. 2, 3. "I am a women" in whom drunkenness is most abominable; so that the Romans punished it with death; therefore, judge me not … There is not the slightest bit of shame or guilt in Saul, even though he directly disobeyed the LORD. Disobedience of Saul. And did not the LORD anoint you king over Israel? Why is God being so tough on Saul?” But God saw Saul’s heart, and saw how rebellious and stubborn it was. . 15 And Samuel said to Saul, c “The L ord sent me to anoint you king over his people Israel; now therefore listen to the words of the L ord. I have performed the commandment of the LORD”: Saul can come to the prophet of God with such boldness, boasting of his obedience because of his pride. His conscience was dead to shame, and his heart was dead to God. good, and were unwilling to utterly destroy them. In 1 Samuel God’s greatness will be a constant background as you discuss stories of deliverance, victory, forgiveness, and worship. That is something that no man could know with certainty, looking from the outside. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. But everything despised and worthless, that they utterly destroyed. I will not return with you, for you have rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD has rejected you from being king over Israel. Throughout the history of the world the nations have been standing before Christ’s bar. (24-25) Saul’s weak effort towards repentance. “Partial obedience is complete disobedience. He set out to fulfil his own selfish ends, rather than obeying God's word, and relying on the Lord to lead and guide him, in the governance of His people, Israel. And Samuel went no more to see Saul until the day of his death: Samuel knew that it wasn’t his place to see Saul. God knew from the beginning Saul’s heart, ways, and destiny. (1-3) A clear, radical command: destroy Amalek. When the nation was weak and vulnerable the Amalekites attacked the weakest and most vulnerable of the nation (Deuteronomy 25:18). 1 Samuel 15:11. Now Samuel said to all Israel: “Indeed I have heeded your voice in all that you said to me, and have made a king over you. Now, without hesitation, this old prophet raises a sword – or probably a large knife, as he would use in sacrifices – and brought it down upon this proud, violent king. Why did you swoop down on the spoil, and do evil in the sight of the LORD?” And Saul said to Samuel, “But I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and gone on the mission on which the LORD sent me, and brought back Agag king of Amalek; I have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. Men are fickle … The devil, by the Divine permission, troubled and terrified Saul, by the corrupt humours of his body, and passions of his mind. i. Saul’s claim, “I have utterly destroyed the Amalekites” is plain evidence of the power and depth of his self-deception. . His warm greeting to Samuel was not sincere but given in the hope of avoiding the condemnation Saul knew that he deserved. Second, he included himself in the obedience (, ). So God wants me to go to church more? i. Saul was Saul’s God. b. It was true that, (he spared Agag king of Amalek), and with Saul’s. Being a people of nomadic habits, they were as plundering and dangerous as the Bedouin Arabs, particularly to the southern tribes. Compare your answer with Genesis 15:16 and 2 Peter 3:7-9. Saul’s rejection was final, but it was not immediate. b. In fact, it was worse than nothing – it showed that Saul was desperately trying to excuse his sin by word games and half-truths. Israel prepared for a war against the Philistines, but the Philistines were high in number and it scared the Hebrews. Yet as all this unfolded, God’s heart was not emotionless. Ver. 4. In 1 Samuel 15:2-3, God commanded Saul and the Israelites, “This is what the LORD Almighty says: 'I will punish the Amalekites for what they did to Israel when they waylaid them as they came up from Egypt. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, 1 Samuel 15:2 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember [that] which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid [wait] for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt. But it was wrong for anyone in Israel to benefit from the war against the Amalekites because it was an appointed judgment from God. He wanted it to be a test of obedience for Saul and all of Israel. The years, the military victories, and prestige of the throne of Israel all revealed the pride in Saul’s heart. Saul is self-deceived. Then Saul said to the Kenites, “Go, depart, get down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them. That is something that no man could know with certainty, looking from the outside. Now, therefore, listen to the message of the LORD. Saul and the people spared Agag and the best of the sheep, the oxen, the fatlings, the lambs, and all that was good, and were unwilling to utterly destroy them: God clearly commanded in 1 Samuel 15:3 that every ox and sheep, camel and donkey was to be destroyed and Saul didn’t do this. They have brought them… the people spared the best of the sheep and the oxen: This is the first of a series of excuses from Saul – he blamed the people, not himself. But he spared Agag, probably to enjoy the glory of displaying so distinguished a captive, and, in like manner, the most valuable portions of the booty, as the cattle. The nation of Israel was largely concentrated in an area that ran about 90 miles from the hill country of Ephraim in the north (1 Sam. As you study the passages in their context and seek to obey them in your context, I know the Lord For He. Saul had a form of godliness, but chose to disobey God by reinterpreting scripture. “But we read, chap. At least it had that opportunity, so Samuel allowed Saul to come with him and worship the LORD. . So when Samuel rose early in the morning to meet Saul, it was told Samuel, saying, “Saul went to Carmel, and indeed, he set up a monument for himself; and he has gone on around, passed by, and gone down to Gilgal.” Then Samuel went to Saul, and Saul said to him, “Blessed, you of the LORD! The national interest required, and God, as KING OF ISRAEL, decreed that this public enemy should be removed. I remember--I am reminded of what Amalek did--perhaps by the still remaining trophy or memorial erected by Moses ( Exodus 17:15 Exodus 17:16 ). Then he tried to justify his sin by … They did this for no reasons except violence and greed. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none. 1 Samuel, and the question of who should be Israel's king dominates much of 2 Samuel.1 As with all the historical narratives of the Old Testament, the Holy Spirit's purpose in giving us the books of 1 and 2 Samuel was not just to record events that transpired. In the previous chapter, he commanded a death sentence on anyone who ate anything on the day of battle. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. 1 Samuel 15:15 "And Saul said, They have brought them from the Amalekites: for the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed." Though God no longer calls His people to take up arms as instruments of His judgment, it does not mean that God has stopped judging the nations. When we don’t obey God completely, the “left over” portion will surely come back and trouble us, if not kill us. God raises up Samuel as prophet and judge (1 Sa 1–7). If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. In his pride, Saul removed the LORD God from the throne of his heart. i. To obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed is better than the fat of rams. In fact, it was time that the Amalekites were mercifully given opportunity to repent and they did not repent. And Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself. 2 Samuel … The solemn reminder of Saul’s royal anointing and of Samuel’s divine mission to that end refers not to 1 Samuel 11:15, but to 1 Samuel 9:15 to 1 Samuel 10:1. Centuries before this the Amalekites were the first people to attack Israel after their escape from Egypt (Exodus 17). Many love to have … So Samuel said to him, “The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today”: Saul’s desperate action provides a vivid object lesson on how the kingdom was torn away from him. SAUL FAILS HIS FINAL TEST. All his care was to save his credit, and preserve his interest in the people. : Samuel has had enough. ii. So Samuel said to him, “The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today”. Saul is self-deceived. But the people took of the plunder, sheep and oxen, the best of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice to the LORD your God in Gilgal.”, Now the LORD sent you on a mission… Why did you not obey the voice of the LORD. b. 24-26. For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. So, God rightly rejected him as king over Israel. Just as the robe tore because Saul grasped it too tightly, so his tight grip on pride and stubbornness meant the kingdom would be taken away from him. SAUL FAILS HIS FINAL TEST. And it grieved Samuel; and he cried unto the LORD all night. Thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘I will punish Amalek for what he did to Israel, how he ambushed him on the way when he came up from Egypt. We can imagine they were all pleased with what they gained after the battle. It would be easy for Saul to point his finger at the Amalekites or the Philistines and say, “Look at those Godless idolaters. In today’s world he might say, “What? The best sacrifice we can bring to God is a repentant heart (Psalm 51:16-17) and our bodies surrendered to His service for obedience (Romans 12:1). God raises up David to be king of Israel (1 Sa 16–20). 141, 146-47. 1 Samuel 15 - I will tell you, this is one of the saddest chapters. : now therefore hearken thou unto . Ver. a. Y todos los de Jabes dijeron a Nahas: Haz alianza con nosotros, y te serviremos. He wondered what he could do to “fix” this. 1 There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite [] from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. In the previous chapter, he commanded a death sentence on anyone who ate anything on the day of battle. In a normal war in the ancient world, armies were freely permitted to plunder their conquered foes. 10, 11. ii. The message was clear: punish what Amalek did to Israel… utterly destroy all that they have, and do not spare them. Pride always leads us into self-deception. When men are lifted up in self-sufficiency, they are often led into folly. In coming chapters, God will raise up another man to replace Saul as king. He probably really believed what he told Samuel. Saul’s rejection was final, but it was not immediate. It did no “good” in gaining the kingdom back for Saul. Nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul, and the LORD regretted that He had made Saul king over Israel. Saul smote the Amalekites--His own view of the proper and expedient course to follow was his rule, not the command of God. Yes, it is true that God warned Saul at that time of the loss of his dynasty; but the Bible abundantly bears out the opinion of R. P. Smith that, "God never finally rejects a man until, after repeated opportunities for repentance, he finally proves himself obdurate." Samuel informs Saul that he has been rejected by Yahweh. a. Among men time should erase sin and the years should make us more forgiving to one another. i. And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor relent. Now go and attack Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and do not spare them. : The livestock that God clearly commanded to be killed could be heard, seen, and smelled even as Saul said, i. i. The Strength of Israel will not lie nor relent. : This was a message from the spiritual leader of Israel to the political and military leader of Israel. As useless as the torn piece of robe was in his hand, so now his leadership of the nation was futile. The hundreds of years of hardened unrepentant hearts made them. Though this happened more than 400 years before, God still held it against the Amalekites because, . Saul was delivered up to this evil spirit that he alight know that it was an evil and bitter thing to depart from God. Ramah and Gibeah were less than ten miles apart, but they never saw each other again. He would speak on, but not because Saul gave him permission. Notably, Samuel did it before the LORD. The Family of Elkanah - Now there was a certain man of Ramathaim Zophim, of the mountains of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. 1. Then Saul said to Samuel, “I have sinned, for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD and your words, because I feared the people and obeyed their voice. 2. Samuel tells Saul that when he leaves that day, he will meet two men near the tomb of Rachel. a. I have sinned, for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD and your words: Saul’s statement begins like a genuine confession but that changes as he continues and said, “because I feared the people and obeyed their voice.” Saul refused to own up to his sin and instead blamed the people who “made him” do it. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. God gave him a specific command and he directly disobeyed it. : Samuel did not lead an immediate rebellion against Saul because God had not raised up Saul’s replacement yet and Saul was better than the anarchy that would come with no king. 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